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MVC Architecture Pattern

This architecture pattern will assign and separate the objects into responsibilities: Model, View and Controller
  • Model: will represent an object, such as a person.
  • View: The view will represent the model data.
  • Controller: It controls the data of the model object and controls the visualization.

Structures

Structures
└── src
└── main
└── java
└── com.your_company_name.your_name_app
└── model
└── Person
└── view
└── HomeView
└── controller
└── HomePresenter
Person - Model
HomeScreeen - View
HomePresenter - Controller
package com.totalcross.mvc.model;
public class Person {
private String name;
private String gender;
public Person(String name, String gender) {
this.name = name;
this.gender = gender;
}
public String getName() {
return name;
}
public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}
public String getGender() {
return gender;
}
public void setGender(String gender) {
this.gender = gender;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "n: " + name + " g: " + gender;
}
}
package com.totalcross.mvc.view;
import com.totalcross.mvc.controller.HomePresenter;
import com.totalcross.mvc.model.Person;
import totalcross.ui.Button;
import totalcross.ui.Edit;
import totalcross.ui.Label;
import totalcross.ui.MainWindow;
public class HomeScreen extends MainWindow {
//Create a variable to store the interface of the class.
Presenter presenter;
Person person [] = new Person[5];
private int gap = 15;
/*
The constructor will be responsible for instantiating the HomePresenter class
which will link the presenter of the interface with the controller
*/
public HomeScreen(){
new HomePresenter(this);
}
@Override
public void initUI() {
Label lbl = new Label("Person");
add(lbl, CENTER, TOP + gap);
Edit editName = new Edit();
editName.caption = "Insert your name here";
add(editName, LEFT, AFTER + gap);
Edit editGender = new Edit();
editGender.caption = "Insert your gender here";
add(editGender, LEFT, AFTER + gap);
Button btn = new Button("Create Person");
//Assigning the onCreate method to the btn button
btn.addPressListener( e -> presenter.onCreate(person, editName, editGender));
add(btn, RIGHT, AFTER + gap);
}
//Creating the interface and the methods that will be used on this screen
public interface Presenter{
void onCreate(Person[] person, Edit name, Edit gender);
}
//Method that allows you to add the Controller Presenter in the view
public void addListener(Presenter presenter) {
this.presenter = presenter;
}
}
package com.totalcross.mvc.controller;
import com.totalcross.mvc.model.Person;
import com.totalcross.mvc.view.HomeScreen;
import totalcross.ui.Edit;
import totalcross.ui.Toast;
public class HomePresenter implements HomeScreen.Presenter {
/*
In the constructor the Presenter link of the controller is realized
with the view.
*/
public HomePresenter(HomeScreen home){
home.addListener(this);
}
//The method that will be used on the button is implemented.
@Override
public void onCreate(Person[] person, Edit name, Edit gender) {
for (int i = 0; i < person.length; i++) {
if (person[i] == null){
person[i] = new Person(name.getText(), gender.getText());
break;
}
}
String persons = "";
for (Person p: person) {
persons += p + " / ";
}
Toast.show(persons,2000);
System.out.println(persons);
}
}

Referencies